Sometimes a chance discovery supplies a missing piece to a puzzle, which in turn gives us a clue as to the next source of information that may be relevant. Having felt for a long time that things were not what they seemed to be as far as politics were concerned, and having developed a deep mistrust of all politicians, (with very few exceptions), I was fortunate in finding the following article:-


“I see in the near future a crisis approaching that unnerves me and causes me to tremble for the safety of my country. … corporations have been enthroned and an era of corruption in high places will follow, and the money power of the country will endeavor to prolong its reign by working upon the prejudices of the people until all wealth is aggregated in a few hands and the Republic is destroyed.”

U.S. President Abraham Lincoln,
Nov. 21, 1864 (letter to Col. William F. Elkins)
Ref: “The Lincoln Encyclopedia”,
Archer H. Shaw (Macmillan, 1950, NY)


This prompted me to look further, and soon after I found another piece of treasure:-


“This realization troubled Washington all the more because in his own concept of federal government public servants should work in amity for the public good, whether in the executive branch or in Congress. He regarded partisan contests, which he called faction, with horror.”

U.S. President George Washington,
Growth of Faction
Ref: “Microsoft Encarta”


Now I had both the confirmation of my suspicions, and the path to follow for research. The pieces of the puzzle were at last coming together


Most systems of government have their roots in ancient history, many of them originating in Greece and Rome before the birth of Christ. The prevailing conditions at the time, however, were vastly different from those existing today, these systems being applied in city-states whose populations were numbered only in thousands, of whom only a fraction was enfranchised. This enabled the direct form of democracy to be used, whereas today, with populations numbered in millions, of whom perhaps 80% are able to vote, and the majority not living near the seat of government, only the representative form of democracy is possible.

A further significant difference is the change from the cooperative nature of the direct democracy at that time to the competitive nature of the representative form now.

Of necessity, systems of government have evolved to suit current requirements, and in different countries the evolution has taken different directions. There is more than a suspicion that the resulting systems have mutated so far from the original ideal that the term democracy no longer accurately reflects their true nature, but in fact they are other systems masquerading as democracies to find suitable appeal among the various electorates.

A major exception to ‘democratic’ systems is the communist form of government, which is currently used by some countries, and is based on relatively modern Marxist theory, although records of communal systems also stem from early Christian times. Each country has it’s own form of communism, none of which truly reflects the ideals propounded by Marx himself.

This document examines government systems in some detail in an effort to discover:-
– how far from the ideal they have really strayed,
– whether they are still worthy of the name democracy,
– who is actually in control,
– and the underlying motives affecting them.

One thought on “Foreword”

  1. The assertion that it may be sheer population growth that’s led to an inevitable shift to our current situation of having a ‘democracy’ in name only is a convincing idea, if a little depressing! Interesting to note too that Abraham Lincoln saw where things were headed so long ago, just goes to show how long the status quo has been allowed to develop unchecked. Only thing that’s changed is the numbers are bigger now!

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